✳️iSPOTLIGHT✳️ - Ichneumons

✳️iSPOTLIGHT✳️ - Ichneumons

✳️iSPOTLIGHT✳️ - Ichneumons - UK and Ireland : ✳️The Fourteenth iSpotLight To collect, collate and comment about all the (WELL OVER 1800) Ichneumon

✳️The Fourteenth iSpotLight
To collect, collate and comment about all the (WELL OVER 1800) Ichneumonidae observations in iSpot.
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To promote interest and knowledge and to review current developments and resource

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Other✳️ iSpotlights are here https://www.ispotnature.org/communities/uk-and-ireland/view/project/816089/
Bear with me for a while as I develop this page and research the resource
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UPDATED 3 Feb 2021 (1852 Observations)
LEAD PHOTO from here - https://www.ispotnature.org/communities/uk-and-ireland/view/observation/818151/
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I am aware this is a LONG READ but if you are vaguely interested PLEASE read it
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I would hope that Observers might come here before adding an Observation.
◘ It is best know the differences between the Sawflies, Braconid wasps and the Ichneumonoids before you start looking for species.
Oh and did you know of Chalcid Wasps (Chalcidoidea) 50 Obs in iSpot.
◘ I suggest we begin with a plan to use the ID Ichneumonidae - the whole family.
◘ It is UNDESIRABLE to add a Might Be species, even Sub-family unless we are presenting strong evidence.
◘ We should aim to encourage comment, using a series of pictures whenever possible - resisting the temptation to base a whole observation on ONE photo.
◘ Adding thoughts and evidence about Sub-family, even species, IN the description at the outset and then edited to include hot-links ideas and suggestions offered by others.
◘ We could do worse than looking through the Gallery here, to see if anything might help. It is imperative to read associated comments.
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RESOURCE

Needs reassembling - another job..
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A very reasonable Guide to Sub-families is here -
https://www.brc.ac.uk/sites/www.brc.ac.uk/files/pictures/resources/ichneumonidae-subfamily-key.pdf
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A few nice pictures with names (a very useful guide to 20+ species that can be identified from a good photo)
https://www.naturespot.org.uk/taxonomy/term/19403 endorsed by the NHM staff
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Wiki lists 42 Sup-families and well over 24,000 described species (Worldwide)
The Wiki page is a must read https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ichneumonidae
And some very detailed but useful anatomy -
1..https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:4-Morphology-of-abdomen-and.png
2..https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2-Morphology-of-head.png
3..https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ichneumonidae#/media/File:3-Morphology-of-thotax.png
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◘ Still a damned good document - https://www.royensoc.co.uk/sites/default/files/Vol07_Part02a_i.pdf
◘ This too leads to treasure https://www.bioimages.org.uk/ichneumon_files.htm click on the The Ichneumon Files link, say.
◘ The SWEDISH Illustrtated Key to the Ophion genus. Remarkable detail!
https://europeanjournaloftaxonomy.eu/index.php/ejt/article/view/749/1741?fbclid=IwAR0y2hO5zREBLOcsMudN9Eosp3B3UJMtMWFFLiyYFoMZ8NjTPNzzQ02mhgk
Useful but old Keys
• FEMALES http://bit.ly/2MOO7yZ_hilpertFemale (translated by Bill Ely)
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• MALES http://bit.ly/38yOG8B_hilpertMale (translated by Bill Ely)
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♥ HERE is a remarkable video of Microgaster godzilla (a Braconid) diving to find its prey
https://blog.pensoft.net/2020/11/04/death-from-below-the-first-video-of-a-parasitic-wasp-attacking-caterpillar-underwater/
♥ And another - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KxHckvpbopQ&feature=emb_logo
♥ Eight minutes of fascination - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YYJpNLWlp8U

Do not avoid iNaturalist

The whole iNat Ophion collection is here (as an example)
https://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/47993-Ophion. Almost NONE are to Research Grade (Likely)
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This link is worth time
http://www.amentinst.org/GIN/Ophioninae/wings.php
The sub-family list left is worth a click or two!
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MOST SUB-FAMILIES IN THE iSPOT DICTIONARY AND
ARE DESCRIPED AND HOTLINKED HERE https://bdj.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=9042&instance_id=2799763
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The iSpot (2007 version) Browser with ALL the Observations/
https://www.ispotnature.org/communities/uk-and-ireland/species-dictionary/NBNSYS0000160220/ichneumonidae
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Many, not all, the Sub-families are in the Dictionary Drop-down but do not appear in the Taxonomy browser.
iSpot has only 51 species available in the 2007 Drop-down Dictionary, of which only 8 have observations
Taking just one (the last one) Ichneumon xanthorius which actually has 34 observations, we can see some difficulties
○ half have no agreement
○ over half have NO comments
○ 21 have 2 or 3 additional IDs
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Another - Pimpla rufipes has a similar record for 74 Observations
A typical problem is here https://www.ispotnature.org/communities/uk-and-ireland/view/observation/732415/macro-photos-of-bugs
There are dozens with the WRONG ID or a misplaced Banner

Many of the observations need a review and all old ones should have modern comment
See my example here

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LEAD PHOTO - A number of bouncing pupae occur in Observations
https://www.ispotnature.org/communities/uk-and-ireland/view/observation/402/
More
https://www.ispotnature.org/communities/uk-and-ireland/view/observation/294755/
https://www.ispotnature.org/communities/uk-and-ireland/view/observation/809405/
https://www.ispotnature.org/communities/uk-and-ireland/view/observation/537983/
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UPDATED 3 Feb 2021
560 Reads
14 Dec 2020
dejayM