"Extrafloral" nectaries on Bracken

Observation - "Extrafloral" nectaries on Bracken - UK and Ireland. Description: The nectaries are described as extraflora2 even though bracken doesn't have any flowers. It may be that the presence of ants deters herbivores at the crozier/fiddlehead stage when ntoxin levels are lower

The nectaries are described as "extraflora2 even though bracken doesn't have any flowers. It may be that the presence of ants deters herbivores at the crozier/fiddlehead stage when ntoxin levels are lower