Unknown tree with spikey protrusions on bark

Unknown tree with spikey protrusions on bark

Observation - Unknown tree with spikey protrusions on bark - UK and Ireland. Description: Please can anyone help a) identify the tree, and b) identify the spikey growths from the bark? Are these part of the tree's normal growth, or galls or fungi of some description? All help appreciated! Thanks.

Please can anyone help a) identify the tree, and b) identify the spikey growths from the bark? Are these part of the tree's normal growth, or galls or fungi of some description? All help appreciated! Thanks.