Etosha National Park

Etosha National Park

Etosha National Park - Southern Africa : Etosha National Park Etosha is Oshindonga meaning Great White Place - referring to the pan. Etosha National Park spans an area of 22 270 km2. The Etosha pan is 4 760 km2 (almost wholly in the park) and covers 23% of the park's area. Etosha Nat

Etosha National Park

"Etosha" is Oshindonga meaning Great White Place - referring to the pan.

Etosha National Park spans an area of 22 270 km2. The Etosha pan is 4 760 km2 (almost wholly in the park) and covers 23% of the park's area.

Etosha National Park was first proclaimed as a game reserve in 1907 when it was the largest reserve in Africa. The current boundaries were established in 1970, three years after it was proclaimed a national park.

VEGETATION TYPES

Saline PansThe pans in the park are almost devoid of vegetation, but the halophytic Sporobolus salsus does ocurr, and being a protein-rich, is grazed by Blue Wildebeest and Springbuck. The surroundings to the pan have other halophytic plants such as the grasses Sporobolus spicatus and Odyssea paucinervis and shrubs Suaeda articulata.

Savanna WoodlandsSavanna Woodlands cover most of the park.
Mopane Woodland is the most extensive, with Mopane the most common tree (~80% of all trees) in the park.
Terminalia Woodland, dominated by Vachellia and Terminalia trees, occurs in the Sandveld of the ne park.
Tamboti Woodland occurs s of the Sandveld.

Dwarf SavannaDwarf Shrub Savanna occurs close to the pan and has the halophytic succulent Salsola etoshensis.
Thornbush Savanna occurs close to the pan on limestone and alkaline soils. It is dominated by Vachellia nebrownii, Vachellia luederitzii, Vachellia melliferra, Vachellia hebeclada and Vachellia tortilis.

GrasslandsGrasslands occur mainly on sandy soils around the pan. Depending on edaphics, one of the following grasses may dominate: Eragrostis, Sporobolus, Monelytrum, Odyssea or Enneapogon.

FAUNA

The park has about 340 bird, 114 mammal, 110 reptile, 49 fish, and 16 amphibian species.

16 Jul 2015
Tony Rebelo