Tips for Spoor identification.

Tips for Spoor identification. - Southern Africa : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tips for Spoor identification. Padded (4 or 5 toes and one base with 2 lobes) with claw marks visible Dog Family, Hyae

  • canid spoor.jpg
  • felid spoor.jpg
  • artio spoor.jpg
  • peri sppor.jpg

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Tips for Spoor identification.

Padded (4 or 5 toes and one base with 2 lobes) with claw marks visible Dog Family, Hyaena Family, Mustelid Family (Otters, Honey Badger, Weasel)or Viverid Family (Mongeese) + Cheetah + Porcupine

* Spoor large (>60mm): Hyaenas, Cheetah, Wild & Domestic Dog

* Spoor medium (40-65mm) Mustelids, Porcupine, Foxes & Jackals

* Spoor medium small (20-45mm) Mongeese, Suricate, Weasel, Polecat

* Spoor small (5-30 mm) Mice, Rats, Squirrels, Shrews, Hedgehog

Padded (4 toes and one base with 3 lobes) with no visible claw marksCat Family + Viverid Family (Genets)

* Spoor large (>90mm) Lion, Leopard

* Spoor medium (40-65mm) Caracal, Serval

* Spoor medium small (20-45mm) Wild & Domestic Cats, Genets

Padded (3 thin toes) Spinghare + Aardvark

Hands & feet (large palm with fingers/toes) Primate Family + Cape Clawless Otter + Dassies

Hooves – cloven (= 1 pair) Artiodactyl Family (Cows, Buck, Camel, Pigs, Giraffe)

* Hoof large (> 80mm): Giraffe, Camel, Cow, Buffalo, Eland, Hartebeest, Tsesebe, Roan, Sable, Gemsbok, Wildebeests, Waterbuck, Sitatunga

* Hoof medium (40-70mm) Bushpig, Warthog, Rhebuck, Reedbucks, Lechwe , Sheep, Goat, Impala, Gazelles, Springbok,Bushbuck, Kudu, Nyala, Blesbok, Bontebok

* Hoof small (20-45mm) Duikers, Grysbok, Steenbok, Klipspringer, Oribi, Suni, Dikdik.

Hooves – single – Perissodactyl Family (Horses, Donkeys and Zebras)

LARGE GAME (>250mm) - pad plus:
* 0 toes = Elephant
* 3 toes = Rhinos
* 4 toes = Hippo

(Beware young animals have smaller prints!)
Source:
Chris and Tilde Stuart: A field guide to the tracks and signs of southern and east African Wildlife. 2000 Struik.

07 Apr 2013
Tony Rebelo