Madeira

Madeira - Global : To document the flora, fauna and fungi of Madeira. Plants: there are about 800 native plant species to Madeira, with about 500 alien invasive species co-existing with them. (still trying to source more information). The vegetation consists of a dry

To document the flora, fauna and fungi of Madeira.

Plants: there are about 800 native plant species to Madeira, with about 500 alien invasive species co-existing with them.

(still trying to source more information).
The vegetation consists of a dry coastal scrub (more common on the south slopes), with a Laurisilva (Laural Forest) forest on the mid slopes. The forests are denser on the north-facing slopes which get the mists from the north. The riverine forest are dominated by Til and known as Til Laurisilva. On the north side of the island almost all the forests are replaced by plantations of Pines, Gums, Chestnuts or Wattles. The north slopes were preserved as water sources for the soutthern side, the water being redirected via "Levadas" (canals) to the water scarce south side, where every ledge or terrace is worked with bananas, vines, sugarcane or other crop. The north slopes are now protected as a Biogenetic Reserve (1992), Unesco World Heritage Site (1999) and a Special Protection Area (2000 under the EU Birds directive) and a Site of Community Importance (2000 under the EU Habitats directive) .
Above 1500m is Heathland. All over the island the bare soils (the entire island is volcanic, and with steep slopes) are characterized by a rocky community.

11 Jul 2015
Tony Rebelo