Observed: 8th December 2014
Added: 20th December 2014
coniferous tree 8-15 m high; conical when young, becoming cylindrical with a tall, bare trunk when older; bark reddish-brown, deeply cracked into plates. leaves: needles, dull grey- green, in bundles of two, long(80-240 mm), thick and rigid. cones: initially purple, turning light brown, woody, conic-ovoid,90-180 mm long, shortly stalked, often clustered and persistent; cone scales have a distinct ridge with a short, hard, curved point. cultivated for: timber. invades: mountain and lowland fynbos. origin: mediterranean. invasive status: transformer. declared invader( category 2).