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Athyrium filix-femina, Lady-fern, with plant gall

Observed: 13th June 2013 By: Plymouth PhilPlymouth Phil’s reputation in PlantsPlymouth Phil’s reputation in PlantsPlymouth Phil’s reputation in PlantsPlymouth Phil’s reputation in Plants
Athyrium filix-femina, Lady Fern, with mop-head gall
Description:

Growing on a roadside bank. The tip of the frond is rolled into a mop-head which is a plant gall caused by a fly, Chirosia betuleti.

Identifications
Species interactions

No interactions present.

Species with which Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina) interacts