Large fronds with leafs toothed all around
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Thanks for that extra info.
Could you look at my previous post of scaly male fern to see if that is correct. http://www.ispot.org.uk/node/316523?nav=users_observations
The book I just got (Roger Phillips) says that "The smallest leaf divisions are toothed only at the tips, not on the sides as in Male Fern"
This one has toothed sides which is why I opted for male fern. Is this just normal variation?
I've only just started looking at ferns.
... was also Dryopteris affinis agg., but the photographs didn't show the dark mark at the base of the pinnae as a confirmation.
I've been recording ferns for a few years, but it took much of that time to learn to distinguish this from Dryopteris filix-mas, and I'm still not confident in distinguishing the species of the aggregate.
According to the book I borrowed from the library (Jermy and Camus), the scaly ferns are may have unlobed to lobed to toothed pinnules, but generally less so that in Dryopteris filix-mas. The key characters in that book are the dark mark at the base of the pinnae, and the scales being dense and golden-brown, rather than sparse and straw-coloured as in Dryopteris filix-mas and Dryopteris oreades. But there's variation in scale colour and density between the species of the aggregate, and young fronds of Dryopteris filix-mas can be quite scaly, so I need more practice.
Lat/Lng: 53.7087, -1.9204
OS grid ref: SE053235
Old quarry face