Martincito's picture

English Elm

Observed: 21st July 2012 By: MartincitoMartincito’s reputation in PlantsMartincito’s reputation in PlantsMartincito’s reputation in PlantsMartincito’s reputation in Plants
Species interactions

No interactions present.

Species with which English Elm (Ulmus procera) interacts


Fenwickfield's picture


What an amazing tree I always think what they have seen over hundreds of years as they seem to have a presence about them.


Martincito's picture

me too!

ulmusenthu's picture

Preston Twins

These two elms are the largest of their kind in the world, or one of them is and the one in your picture, nearer the A23 London Road is the third largest now. The world's second is now a tree that stands at Gundagai in New South Wales, Australia. Australia has thousands of English elm trees; the trees having been put there by early colonials. The best examples are in Melbourne, Tumut, Gundagai, Bright and Castlemaine; as well as the valley from Tumut to Bathurst (the Gilmore Roads). In England its now common as a suckering hedge and won't get much bigger than a small to medium size tree before DED gets hold of it. Trees more than 40 years old are no more unless they are in Brighton & Hove or Eastbourne. East Sussex control area is struggling with DED as I speak; hundreds of mature English elms have disappeared. It is on a steady decline in Brighton & Hove; being the first of any elms to be felled in some parts of the city. In Eastbourne it is replaced mainly by Ulmus minor (Field elm) which has a natural outcrop around the Pevensey Levels to Folkington (ESCC area). The English elm is still frequent in Edinburgh; but out numbered by Ulmus glabra (Wych elm) and other hybrids and cultivars. English stands in some of the most isolated spots in the USA. There are trees at Capitol Hill, Washington and in Manhattan, NY. Trees also exist in Auckland, New Zealand, Malta, Spain and suckering growths in northern Italy, south-east France and possibly Holland and Germany. An estimated 20 million have been lost in England alone.It is very common as a sucker in Somerset. The English elm is connected with the Roman Empire and was used by them as a support for their vines. Many great populations grow around Roman roads in southern England. It is too often confused with hybrids, especially the Dutch elm (Ulmus x hollandica 'Major') and Ulmus minor (Field elm). Generally you will not find a big tree anywhere outside DED control areas in the UK or Europe for that matter; except for possibly northern Scotland and the Isle of Sicillies. The berst place to see them, unless you live there of course, is to look at Google Maps Street View and see recent snapshots of mature trees in Melbourne, Tumut, Castlemaine, etc. The un-natural range in Australia runs from Adelaide in the west across and up to the edge of the desert to Melbourne, the Snowy Mountains in virtually all Victoria state and eastern New South Wales up to Brisbane in Queensland.

Martincito's picture

Very interesting! I saw some

Very interesting! I saw some of the Melbourne Elms, but thought they'd more or less dies out here due to Dutch Elm Disease - until I came across the Elms of Preson Park. I didn't realise the East Sussex is still struggling against DED.

spins's picture

Can you give

some pointers on how nót to confuse Ulmus procera with Dutch elm and Field elm. In Belgium and Holland, some claim that U. procera has hairy branchlets unlike the other elms, whilst others claim that U. procera does not exist in Belgium and Holland.