Yashca's picture

Unidentified Flower

Observed: 24th March 2012 By: YashcaYashca’s reputation in PlantsYashca’s reputation in PlantsYashca’s reputation in Plants
Unidentified Flower
Species interactions

No interactions present.

Species with which Lungwort (Pulmonaria officinalis) interacts


Yashca's picture

Thanks for the ID. Garden

Thanks for the ID. Garden escape or naturalised?

Fenwickfield's picture


Once a plant has been accidentally introduced into a non garden habitat it can become naturalised but it is all about time scale.Some plants that we class as native were introduced in Roman times lots in the 16th century and also Edwardian times the status for Pulmonaria officinalis is classed as naturalised locally.


jhn7's picture

Really interesting!

Thank you Fenwickfield.

Certificate in Contemporary Science (Open)

Fenwickfield's picture

a few

Just a few as I don't wish to bore you to much.
Sycamore introduced to the British Isles from central and southern Europe in the late 15th century to ornament the estates of landowners and how many people think it is native.Ground elder introduced we think by the Romans the young leaves are boiled like spinach and just one more Pineapple weed (Chamomilla suaveolens) introduced from Oregon in North America.



cicuta58's picture


Native plants are those that were here when the Channel formed or have arrived naturally since. All others are non-native, but plants introduced before 1500 are termed archaeophytes, to give them more credit than the neophytes from after that date. Hence, sycamore and Pulmonaria are non-natives.


martinjohnbishop's picture

On the other hand

Pulmonaria obscura was found in 1842 in Suffolk but was not recognised as a distinct native species until much later (see Birkinshaw CR, Sanford MN. 1996 Pulmonaria obscura Dumort. (Boraginaceae) in Suffolk. Watsonia 21. (2): 169-178 (1996))