Not really sure what kind of lichen this might be
Caution: Do NOT use iSpot to identify fungi to eat!
Some fungi are very poisonous so a mistaken ID could have serious consequences.
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I really don't know what to make of this. Do you have a closer photograph that shows the thallus surface and apothecia in fine detail?
My impression from those parts of the photograph that are approximately in focus is that this is a foliose lichen, seemingly in the Parmeliaceae, but the apothecia lack margins and are more like those of a Stereocaulon. I have checked a couple of Scandinavian lichen books without finding anything, and it occurs to me that this is your problem, not mine, and am heading to bed! I have another, older Scandinavian lichen flora that I might look though tomorrow, but time is a big issue now.
A flight of fancy is that this may indeed be a Parmelia or Parmotrema or something similar, and that the fruiting bodies are actually a heavy infection by a parasitic Abrothallus species. Dunno. Bedtime.
Have put the full resolution image on, not sure this shows any more detail but it might help. Only took one photo. Shame I could not take the proper close-up kit with me on the trip.
Thanks for all your help with identifications.
The 'lichen' was on the side of a carpark in a skiing area (if you zoom in on the location it takes it to the exact place within a metre or two). the place had vegetation height of a couple of cm mainly moss with a few other lichens and fungi.
Thanks, will ask some of the Russian colleagues if they know of a Siberian lichen flora, although its almost certain to be in Russian.
Interesting you mention "phyllocladia" as there is a genus of conifers called Phyllocladus with flattened structures, think I put one of these on from NZ in early stage of ispot. Its shoots look like leaves and the leaves themselves are almost non-existant.
On the Lichens of Russia that may be of relevance:
Murmansk region, Urbanavichus G. P., Ahti T., Urbanavichene I. N.
Checklist of lichens and allied fungi of Murmansk Region, Russia //
Norrlinia. 2008. Vol. 17. P. 1–80."
The colleagues are looking for other suitable references.
Oxner AN (1974). Handbook of the lichens of the U.S.S.R. Leningrad:
Nauka (in Russian).
They mentioned that Stereocaulon is likely for this observation but they are not an expert in this group.
Lat/Lng: 61.1137, 28.5926